16 Different Types of Writing Explained

Different Types of Writing
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There are different types of writing on the globe today. Writing styles can be broadly classified into four categories: descriptive, expository, narrative, and persuasive.

We would also be exploring other forms of writing for educational purposes. Every one of these writing philosophies has a certain function.

Multiple writing styles can be found in the same text.

1. Expository Writing

Expository writing, being one of the different types of writing, aims to inform or elucidate readers on a specific subject.

The writing style is third-person narrative. Educating the reader is more important than trying to convince or amuse them.

Six basic questions regarding the subject are addressed by expository writers: Who? What? By when? In what location? How? Why?

Instead of adding their thoughts and ideas about the subject, expository writers should let readers develop their conclusions based on factual information.

Its purpose is to provide the reader with facts without ulterior motives. To explain something in a way that readers can grasp is the aim of expository writing.

For example, a compelling fact at the beginning of your essay will grab the reader’s interest.

Examples include Textbooks, manuals, how-to articles, technical or scientific writing, editorial writing, recipes, training materials, FAQ pages/ blogs, etc.

2. Narrative Writing

It depicts a journey—or a portion of it from the beginning to the end. In other words, it has a start, a middle, and an end.

Narrative writing might be objective if a writer only narrates a straightforward chronology of events.

However, readers frequently like discovering how characters feel as events develop. To interact with the reader, writers occasionally employ flashbacks and foreshadowing.

Some will even use conversation and characters to explain the story.

When a narrative is contained in a novel or short tale, the sequence of events is referred to as the plot.

Fiction and nonfiction can both be written as narratives. Storytelling in nonfiction focuses on actual occurrences.

Writing fiction involves making things up. Narrative writing examples include Diaries, Memoirs, Novels, and Short stories.

Occasionally, a writer crafts a fictitious story that incorporates historical occurrences.

3. Persuasive Writing

It is written when the writer needs to motivate readers to take action on a problem or when the writer has strong feelings about something.

Using persuasive writing techniques, authors can persuade readers that a particular viewpoint or concept is superior.

To persuade their audience, persuasive authors employ various literary techniques and instruments, including textual evidence from books and statistical data from research studies.

Persuasive writers occasionally use moral justifications, moral assessments, or religious convictions to bolster their positions.

The author needs to be completely conversant with the opposing viewpoint on the topic they are writing about.

These allow them to include relevant counterarguments and improve the quality of the written piece.

Examples include editorials, newspaper opinion pieces, essays, cover letters, letters of recommendation, sales writing, reviews, advertising, etc.

4. Descriptive Writing

In descriptive writing, the writer provides a detailed account of every facet of the subject, subject matter, or location being described.

Descriptive writings have a dynamic, intimate tone written in the first person.

This provides the impression that the reader is there in person. This is where authors can employ imagery, similes, metaphors, and onomatopoeia.

Authors frequently blend descriptive writing with other forms of writing to draw the reader in and concentrate on a single scene or concept.

For instance, a work that primarily uses narrative writing might abruptly transition to descriptive writing during a crucial scene.

Examples include Poetry, fictional stories, journals, copywriting, narrative nonfiction, etc.

5. Technical Writing

Writing for this audience frequently necessitates a deep understanding of a certain business or field.

The essence of technical writing is writing on a specific factual, logical topic or about a scientific goal.

Writing technical content includes creating text for system documentation and instruction manuals.

The main goal is Writing on a topic that makes greater sense or has a scientific purpose.

Personal opinions have no place in technical writing. Examples include user- manuals, medical articles, textbooks, etc.

6. Creative Writing

There is creative writing in addition to the other writing techniques listed above. A creative writer can decide to use different types of writing, only part of them or none at all.

However, the goal of creative writing, as with all writing, is to convey a thought or feeling to the reader.

In other words, writing with creativity is the art of inventing things. Creative writing is any writing that calls for the use of imagination.

The ability to write creatively may be developed with time and effort, as it does not necessitate adhering to a rigid framework.

Scriptwriting, screenwriting, and biography are a few examples of creative writing.

7. Business Writing

Most business writers are employed by periodicals or newspapers that provide articles for a particular industry.

Writing for the business world can be financially rewarding if you have strong networking skills and a thorough understanding of terms and ideas used in the field.

One kind of writing that is frequently misinterpreted is business writing.

Although business writing is seen by many as stodgy and formal, it’s a fascinating and lucrative subject.

8. Copywriting

Writing copy for marketing and advertising campaigns is known as copywriting.

Copywriters might work as freelancers hired to write copy or as internal business or advertising agency staff members.

Their goal is to persuade readers to take action, such as signing up for a trial, purchasing a product, or providing their email address in exchange for a lead magnet.

Additionally, a copywriter can delve into allied fields like content writing and social networking.

Copywriters who offer this service to businesses or clients can make five or even six figures a year.

9. Content Writing

Copywriting and content writing are comparable. A content writer creates blog posts, articles, ebooks, and tutorials for organizations or internet businesses.

They might also compose social media messages and scripts for YouTube videos.

Depending on the topic’s intricacy, a content writer’s fee is normally charged per word, ranging from four to ten cents.

Because most online businesses rely heavily on content, content writing has become increasingly popular among freelancers.

For example, a well-managed niche website produces a certain amount of SEO-optimized articles to boost monthly traffic and revenue.

This website’s owner relies on a group of skilled content writers to help them reach their publication and income targets.

10. Poetry

A type of writing that uses a condensed, poetic arrangement of words to express a concept, depict a scene, or tell a tale.

It’s a versatile writing style that can be applied to fiction. Of course, it also uses poetic tropes like similes and metaphors—examples: Novels, poetry, plays, short stories, etc.

11. Blogging

Online material is self-published by bloggers. Blogs, while not limited to nonfiction writing, frequently offer inquisitive readers fact-based information on various subjects, such as technology, food, travel, and entertainment.

This type of writing is said to be commonly used among the different types of writing we have.

Learning to design a blog post to reach your target audience effectively is useful, whether you’re an entrepreneur wanting to market your brand or a creative writer searching for an easy way to publish stories online.

12. Journalistic Writing

From news articles to opinion pieces, journalists write it all. There are numerous forms of journalistic writing. For instance, a reporter may adopt an explanatory style when reporting facts for a news article.

A feature writer or editorial writer might speak more convincingly and present their viewpoint to persuade readers of a certain topic or issue.

Examples of Journalistic Writing include News articles, Feature stories, Editorial pieces, Op-eds, Investigative reports, and Reviews.

13. Review Writing

As the name implies, review writing is a type of writing in which items are reviewed, whether it’s a dining establishment, food, product, movie, or book.

The digitization of everything has led to a rise in the popularity of this kind of writing.

Rarely do consumers shop for anything without first reading internet reviews—examples: Product reviews, service reviews, book reviews, etc.

14. Objective Writing

The objective writing style is based on verifiable facts and supporting evidence. For the reader to create their judgment, the writer must maintain objectivity.

It is expected of the author to present the facts accurately and without embellishment as they are being explained.

Because of the abovementioned criterion, an objective writing style can be safely called accurate and fair.

Furthermore, it is free of bias and hyperbole—texts written for educational purposes, assertive texts, etc.

15. Subjective Writing

The author’s views, preferences, emotions, and opinions are all displayed in subjective writing.

Unlike objective writing, the author need not worry about the writing’s accuracy or correctness.

Examples: Travelogues, blogs, opinionated pieces, etc.

16. Ghostwriting

Ghostwriters are experts in creating content for clients. It requires special talent: the capacity to write in someone else’s voice and convey meaning.

Ghostwriters collaborate with their customers, including prominent public figures and media members, to develop and narrate a tale in the first person.


If you only write in one manner, it will restrict your creativity.

Therefore, it is recommended that aspiring authors broaden their horizons and experiment with different types of writing.

It’s crucial to consider how different types of writing styles are expressed emotionally and non-emotionally.

Subjective opinions cannot be integrated into a writing style that demands the writer to have an objective perspective.

Finding your target audience and determining what will have the greatest influence or longest-lasting impression are the most important steps.

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